N.F.L. Protests Grow Louder as Other Groups Fight for Kaepernick

“I Did Not Organize And Set Up This Protest,’’ he wrote. “However I Still Support My Brother And His Stance On The Injustices In The USA.”

The NAACP wants to meet with Goodell to discuss the Kaepernick’s absence from an N.F.L. roster.

“No player should be victimized and discriminated against because of his exercise of free speech — to do so is in violation of his rights under the Constitution and the NFL’s own regulations,” Derrick Johnson, the organization’s interim president and CEO, said in the letter to the NFL commissioner.


A dozen Browns players knelt during the national anthem before a preseason game against the Giants on Monday night in Cleveland, and some players stood nearby in solidarity.

Joe Robbins/ North America

On Monday, in the largest on-field demonstration yet, a dozen Cleveland Browns players knelt during the national anthem, while several other players stood next to them in solidarity. Unlike last season, when Kaepernick and only a handful of black players refused to stand during the anthem, the group included white players.

The N.F.L. commissioner, Roger Goodell, has insisted that the league’s 32 teams are not banning Kaepernick.

The issue has put Goodell in the awkward position of defending owners and coaches who have twisted themselves in knots defending their decision not to sign Kaepernick, who, unlike the two dozen or so quarterbacks who have been signed so far this year, has led a team to a Super Bowl.

From Baltimore to Miami to Seattle, teams in need of starting or backup quarterbacks have signed players with little experience or a mixed track record, and had to explain, often awkwardly, why they passed over Kaepernick. In one case, the Dolphins even coaxed a quarterback with an erratic record, Jay Cutler, out of retirement.

Kaepernick opted out of his contract with the 49ers in March.

Kaepernick and the anthem-kneeling dispute that he inspired are just the latest in a series of headaches for Goodell and the N.F.L., which is in the spotlight again for its handling of players who are accused of domestic violence and also for its handling of concussions and its harsh stand against the use of marijuana, which some players contend is a safer alternative to the highly addictive painkillers that teams dispense.

The continuing debate over whether players should or should not stand for the national anthem, though, is perhaps the most explosive issue facing the N.F.L., which celebrates patriotism and military service like no other league. The anthem-kneeling that Kaepernick inspired has divided fans like few other issues, and has shown signs of chipping away at the league’s bottom line.

Television ratings at every one of the league’s network partners fell last year for the first time, and while the reasons for the decline are complicated — including the presidential election and the absence of recognizable stars like Peyton Manning — some fans said they stopped watching the N.F.L. because Kaepernick and other players knelt during the anthem.


From left, Eli Harold, Colin Kaepernick and Eric Reid during the national anthem before the 49ers played the Cowboys last season in Santa Clara, Calif.

John G Mabanglo/European Pressphoto Agency

As the controversy continues into its second year, more fans who look to sports for a diversion from politics could turn away as the season progresses.

Andrew McCarthy, a contributing editor at National Review and a former federal prosecutor, seemed to speak for many disaffected fans when he wrote on Twitter this week that the anthem protests had made him less interested in watching N.F.L. games. He justified his decision this way: “Because I am like millions of people who love football as an escape from politics but won’t if it no longer is,” he wrote. “Makes me very ordinary.”

Goodell has said several times, including on Wednesday in Detroit, where he met Lions fans, that there has been no coordinated effort to prevent teams from signing Kaepernick, and that if a team needed a quarterback with his skills, it would sign him.

“I think every one of our teams will do what is in their best interest to put a winning team on the field and to do what they really are hoping to do, which is create a franchise that is winning,” he said. “And if they see that opportunity, they’ll do that.”

But he has also had to walk a fine line, supporting players who are protesting while appeasing fans who are against them. On Wednesday, Goodell tried to frame the protests as a way for the players to express how much they care about their communities.

Keith Sirois, a restaurant executive and Lions fan who asked Goodell about the protests, was unconvinced. Why, he wondered, does the league crack down on how players celebrate in the end zone or how they wear their uniforms, yet not require that players stand for the anthem? He was not opposed to the players’ messages. He just did not want to see them expressed at a game.

“He’s in a bad spot,” Sirois said of Goodell.

Events, though, may be outpacing Goodell’s efforts to address them. The number of players who have knelt during the playing of the anthem has grown. So has talk of wider protests in the wake of the events in Charlottesville, Va., where this month neo-Nazis clashed with anti-fascist groups. This has given life to an issue the league hoped would go away, further dividing fans.

“It certainly has become a big part of the conversation around the N.F.L. and the current season,” said Daniel Adshead, a Browns fan who supports the protests. “I think it wouldn’t be as much of a distraction had Colin Kaepernick found a team by now. People seem to like the status quo, and they don’t like change and seeing instability.”

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